Methanogenesis Pathway Map

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This pathway is contributed by Dr.Larry Wackett and completed by Jian Ma, University of Minnesota.

Methane is generated biologically by methanogenic bacteria, a major division of the Archaea kingdom, largely from acetate dissimilation and carbon dioxide reduction. The latter pathway, as shown below, contains novel coenzymes and biochemical reactions not previously observed in other organisms. Methanogenesis is part of the C1 Metabolic Cycle.

The following is a text-format Methanogenesis pathway map. An organism which can initiate the pathway is given, but other organisms may also carry out later steps. Follow the links for more information on compounds or reactions. This map is also available in graphic (40k) format.

              
                                                    from the
                        Carbon Dioxide <------ C1 Metabolic Cycle
                       Methanobacterium 
                     thermoautotrophicum
                              |  
                              |
                              | formylmethanofuran
                              | dehydrogenase
                              |
                              |
                              v
                      Formylmethanofuran                                 
                              |    
                              | 
                              | formylmethanofuran
                              | formyltransferase
                              |
                              |
                              v
            N5-Formyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin                     
                              |
                              |
                              | methenyl-H4MPT   
                              | cyclohydrolase
                              |
                              |
                              v
            N5,N10-methenyltetrahydromethanopterin                                                   
                        /            \ 
                       /              \
                      /                \
      F420-dependent |                  | H(2)-dependent 
     methylene-H4MPT |                  | methylene-H4MPT
       dehydrogenase |                  | dehydrogenase
                      \                /
                       \              /
                        v            v
            N5,N10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin                                                  
                              | 
                              | 
                              | methylene-H4MPT
                              | reductase
                              |
                              | 
                              v 
            5-Methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydromethanopterin
                              | 
                              | 
                              | methyl-H4MPT
                              | methyltransferase
                              |
                              | 
                              v 
                       Methyl-coenzyme M
                              | 
                              | 
                              | methyl-coenzyme M
                              | Methylreductase
                              |
                              | 
                              v                                          
                           Methane         
                              |
                              |
                              |
                              |
                              |
                              |
                              v
                            to the
                      C1 Metabolic Cycle                             



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Page Author(s): Jian Ma

July 11, 2017 Contact Us

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