1,5-Anhydro-D-fructose (Fungal) Pathway Map

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This pathway was contributed by Alicia Burkett and Jeffrey P. Osborne, Manchester College.

1,5-Anhydro-D-fructose is a breakdown product of starch and glycogen catabolism in bacteria and fungi. Its metabolism in bacteria is shown in the Starch Oligomer Pathway. In white rot fungus and morels, the bifunctional enzyme aldos-2-ulose dehydratase catalyzes the transformation of 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose to ascopyrone M and then to microthecin (Yu et al., 2004). In Peziza echinospora, the 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose intermediate is converted to ascopyrone M and then to 5-epipentenomycin. Ascopyrone M, ascopyrone P, and ascopyrone T are keto-enol tautomers. Ascopyrone T can be nonenzymatically dihydrated to ascopyrone T1 or enzymatically reduced to 2(S)-dihydroascopyrone T (Deffieux G, Vercauteren J, Baute M-A, Neveu A, Baute R, Phytochemistry, 36: 849-852, 1994).

The following is a text-format 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose (fungal) pathway map. Organisms that can initiate the pathway are given, but other organisms may also carry out later steps. Follow the links for more information on compounds or reactions. This map is also available in graphic (12k) format.

  1,5-Anhydro-D-fructose  <----------- from the Starch Oligomer pathway
      Aspergillus niger
      Morchella costata
     Morchella vulgaris
     Peziza ostracoderma
     Anthracobia melaloma
              | 1,5-anhydro-D-
              | fructose dehydratase
              |       or
              | aldos-2-ulose
              | dehydratase 
              |          aldos-2-ulose
              v           dehydratase
         Ascopyrone M -------------------> Microthecin
              |    |              
              |    |    1,5-anhydro-D-
 ascopyrone P |    | fructose dehydratase
  tautomerase |    +---------------------> 5-Epipentenomycin I
         Ascopyrone P
            A |
(spontaneous) | 
              v           B (abiotic)
         Ascopyrone T -------------------> Ascopyrone T1
 ascopyrone T | 
    reductase |
         ascopyrone T

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Page Author(s): Jeffrey P. Osborne, Manchester College

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