Silicon is abundant in the earth’s crust and forms tetravalent structures similar to that of carbon. However, silicon’s role in biology is much more limited than that of carbon. Some marine organisms have evolved the ability to biosynthesize exquisitely-structured silicate shells. The "silicate" bacteria, which appear to be members or relatives of the genus Bacillus, are known to release silicon from aluminosilicates through the secretion of organic acids (reviewed by Groudev, 1999). Microbes and microbial enzymes have been used in the biotransformation of organosilicon compounds (reviewed by Tacke and Becker, 1987 and Tacke and Wagner, 1998). Biodegradation of organosilicone under aerobic (Sabourin et al, 1996) and anaerobic (Grumping et al, 1999) conditions has been described.

For more information:

Search Medline for silicon metabolism AND bacteria

Tacke R, Becker B. Sila substitution and biotransformatin of organosilicon compounds. Main Group Metal Chem. 1987;10(3):169-97.

Tacke R, Wagner SA. p. 2363-2400. In Rappoport Z, Apeloig Y (eds.), Chemistry of Organic Silicon Compounds. Wiley; Chichester, UK. 1998.

Groudev SN. Biobeneficiation of mineral raw materials. Min Metallurg Process. 1999 Nov;16(4):19-28.

 


[Traditional Table] [Spiral Table] [UM-BBD Home Page]

Page Author(s): Steve Toeniskoetter, Jennifer Dommer, Tony Dodge

November 02, 2012 Contact Us

© 2017, EAWAG. All rights reserved.

http://eawag-bbd.ethz.ch/periodic/elements/si.html